Syria’s civil war is the worst humanitarian crisis of our time: now in its fourth year, it has cost over 200,000 lives, while at least 7.6 million people are internally displaced and another 4 million have become refugees in other countries, half of them under the age of 18. They are fleeing the fighting between government and disparate non-state armed groups that continues to rage across the country.
Syria’s PastSyria has a rich history, going back thousands of years; in fact archaeologists believe the country was home to one of the most ancient civilizations on earth. Subsequently the area known as Syria has been taken over by many ancient empires, including the Egyptians, Sumerians, Phoenicians, Persians and the Greeks.
Jumping forward to the 16th century, the country that came to be known as Syria was conquered by the Ottoman Turks in 1516 and remained part of their empire for four centuries. At that time Syrian territory included the area we now call Syria, as well as Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Palestine, the Gaza Strip as well as parts of Turkey and Iraq.
With World War One came the collapse of the Ottoman empire, and in 1916, under the Sykes-Picot Agreement, Britain and France divided up the entire area in what looks like pretty arbitrary fashion. They decided to put Syria under French mandate, and in 1918, when Arab and British troops captured Damascus and Aleppo, Syria became a League of Nations mandate and moved under French control in 1920.
So Syria, just like its neighbors Iraq and Lebanon was a country created artificially by Britain and France. Also as in both of those countries, the western colonial powers created an ethnically divided society. About 70 percent of the population of Syria is Sunni, about 15 percent are Alawites (a Muslim sect with Shia links), and there are also several smaller groups, including ethnic Kurds and Christian Arabs.
By: Judy M.http://www.care2.com/causes/why-have-4-million-people-fled-syria-a-primer-on-this-complex-war.html
Read more⇨ FAIKING SYRIA http://www.savethechildren.org/atf/cf/%7B9def2ebe-10ae-432c-9bd0-df91d2eba74a%7D/FAILINGSYRIA_REPORT_MARCH2015.PDF
Befreien Sie meine syrische Familie aus dem Raucherraum am Flughafen Moskau.
Gewähren Sie ihr Asyl!
★Hope for Syria’s Young Talent
⬆︎Drone footage shows the Bab al-Salama refugee camp on the Syrian border with Turkey. Turkish humanitarian groups IHH and the Independent Doctors Association established the camp over a matter of days to accommodate thousands of Syrian refugees. Turkey’s crossing remains closed, despite pressure from the UN to re-open its border to the increasing number of displaced people
WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE By Save the Children org.
◎ Parties to the conflict should abide by international human rights law (IHRL) and international humanitarian law (IHL), cease attacks on schools and hospitals, and end the use of explosive weapons with wide-area effects in populated areas.
◎The UNSC and UN member states with influence in Syria should take immediate steps to hold accountable those responsible for breaches of IHRL and IHL.
◎Transfers of arms and ammunition to parties which have used them to commit war crimes should be halted.
◎UN agencies and NGOs should significantly scale-up protection activities inside Syria, particularly from neighbouring countries.
◎Parties to the conflict should: facilitate humanitarian access to all parts of Syria; end attacks on humanitarian workers; and remove administrative barriers to aid, including Syrian government restrictions on travel and working with Syrian organizations.
◎Influential governments should press countries bordering Syria to facilitate cross-border aid delivery, including by streamlining administrative processes for aid agencies and maintaining timely access through border crossings.
◎Donorsshouldfullyfundtheresponse and support international aid agencies to build the capacity of Syrian NGOs, while also increasing funding to support refugees and poor local populations in countries neighbouring Syria.
◎Wealthy countries should scale up resettlement and humanitarian admissions programmes to ensure that at least 5% of refugees are able to access protection outside the region in 2015.19
◎Partiestotheconflictshouldendthe fighting and enter into meaningful, inclusive peace talks that respect the rights and aspirations of the Syrian people.
◎The UNSC and governments with influence should put urgent emphasis on finding a political solution and support the efforts of the UN Special Envoy to secure a freeze in the fighting in the city of Aleppo.
Ahmed Manasrah Picture, Video Released by Israeli Police
Ahmad Manasrah lays bleeding while his attackers film with their cell phones.
Video evidenced leaked in November. A distressed Ahmad Manasrah is beingy Israeli police, without a parent or interrogated and forced to confess byer present. law
I am 14 years old Ahmad Manasrah handcuffed to my bed in the hospital & imprisoned by israel
A World at School http://www.aworldatschool.org
New York Times Behind Stark Political Divisions,