August 1, 2016

WHALE & DOLPHIN HUNT OF JAPAN / Table Content

WHALE & DOLPHIN HUNT OF JAPAN                               


▶︎🇯🇵PICTURE BOOK - A CAT WISH TO EAT WHALE MEAT - Talking about Whaling BY Kamekujiraneko 

     英語版 / クジラをたべたかったネコ 


▶︎🇯🇵クジラをたべたかったネコ 作: カメクジラネコ (捕鯨の話) 

Japanese version / PICTURE BOOK - A CAT WISH TO EAT WHALE MEAT


▶︎🇯🇵Watch Video and Read Story "Ties of the dolphins" by Satoshi Komiyama of Flippers Japan E/J Bilingual #Taiji

▶︎🇯🇵Taiji, Japan and Kaikoura, New Zealand BY SHAUN O'DWYER 日本語付き

▶︎🇮🇳#FreeBaliDolphins Bogus ‘Rescue’ Behind Cruel Dolphin Circuses

▶︎🇯🇵Part 1.Let's Defend Together. Whales Remain in Nature.Dolphin Remain Free.  
   ❶Taiji, Whale:Message to the World from Japanese Activist【E/J Bilingual】 

▶︎🇯🇵Part 2. Let's Defend Together. Whales Remain in Nature. Dolphin Remain. 
   ❷Activist of World. What they has to say. Wakayama prefecture Senator and Mayyor of TAIJI【E/J Bilingual】

▶︎🇯🇵Part 3. Let's Defend Together. Whales Remain in Nature. Dolphin Remain.
    To Taiji dolphin activists, a message to you.
    ❸Taiji, Whale:We don't need anymore Dolphins show, Aquarium. Message to the World from Japanese Act.

▶︎🇯🇵"THE COVE" Full Movie"The Cove"Japanese Dubbing version. Movie Dolphin hunt of Taiji Japan

▶︎🇦🇺Angela Banovic Sea Shepherd Cove Guardian

▶︎🇯🇵FROM JAPAN TIMES Japanese ex-dolphin hunter says slaughter is not centuries-old tradition/NATIONAL Japan’s antarctic whale hunts not scientific: ICJ U.N. sides with Australia, orders Japan to halt annual catches

▶︎🇯🇵WAZA. The World’s Top Zoo Association Suspends Japan. English/Japanese 日本語まとめ付き

▶︎🇯🇵Tha TAIJI List by AdelHeid (Artist and Animal Activist)

▶︎🇯🇵ART and Story /PROTECT WHALE and DOLPHIN ~ English and Japanese- 日本語付き- 


▶︎🇯🇵WE NEED MORAL.STOP WHALE HUNTING. STOP KILL DOLPHIN

April 16, 2016

The FBI now tracks animal abuse like it tracks homicides

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FBI turns animal cruelty into top-tier felony
By SUE MANNING 

LOS ANGELES (AP) — Young people who torture and kill animals are prone to violence against people later in life if it goes unchecked, 
studies have shown. A new federal category for animal cruelty crimes will help root out those pet abusers before their behavior worsens and give a boost to prosecutions, an animal welfare group says.

For years, the FBI has filed animal abuse under the label "other" along with a variety of lesser crimes, making cruelty hard to find, 
hard to count and hard to track. The bureau announced this month that it would make animal cruelty a Group A felony with its own category 
— the same way crimes like homicide, arson and assault are listed.

"It will help get better sentences, sway juries and make for better plea bargains," said Madeline Bernstein, 
president and CEO of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Los Angeles and a former New York prosecutor.

The category also will help identify young offenders, and a defendant might realize "if he gets help now,
 he won't turn into Jeffrey Dahmer," she said.

Law enforcement agencies will have to report incidents and arrests in four areas: simple or gross neglect; 
intentional abuse and torture; organized abuse, including dogfighting and cockfighting; and animal sexual abuse, 
the FBI said in statement. The bureau didn't answer questions beyond a short statement.

"The immediate benefit is it will be in front of law enforcement every month when they have to do their crime reports," said John Thompson, 
interim executive director of the National Sheriffs' Association who worked to get the new animal cruelty category instituted. 
"That's something we have never seen."

Officers will start to see the data are facts and "not just somebody saying the 'Son of Sam' killed animals before he went to human victims and 70-some percent of the school shooters abused animals prior to doing their acts before people," said Thompson, a retired assistant sheriff from Prince George's County, Maryland.

FBI studies show that serial killers like Dahmer impaled the heads of dogs, frogs and cats on sticks; 
David Berkowitz, known as the "Son of Sam," poisoned his mother's parakeet; and Albert DeSalvo, 
aka the "Boston Strangler," trapped cats and dogs in wooden crates and killed them by shooting arrows through the boxes.

It will take time and money to update FBI and law enforcement databases nationwide, revise manuals and send out guidelines, 
Thompson said, so there won't be any data collected until January 2016. After that, it will take several months before there are numbers to analyze.

The new animal cruelty statistics will allow police and counselors to work with children who show early signs of trouble, 
so a preschooler hurting animals today isn't going to be hurting a person two years from now, Bernstein said.

The FBI's category will track crimes nationwide and is bound to give animal cruelty laws in all 50 states more clout. 
Many states are seeing more of those convicted of animal cruelty being sentenced to prison, in marked contrast to years past.

Whether talking about state laws or the FBI change, it is clear "that regardless of whether people care about how animals are treated,
 people — like legislators and judges — care about humans, and they can't deny the data," said Natasha Dolezal, 
director of the animal law program in the Center for Animal Law Studies at Lewis & Clark College in Portland, Oregon.






A first look at the FBI’s animal cruelty statistics will be available next year, but it will take three to five years for the data to begin showing helpful patterns.
It was more than 10 years ago that Mary Lou Randour realized she couldn't answer what should have been a simple question: Was cruelty against animals on the rise or in decline? After a years-long lobbying effort, in 2014, the FBI agreed. And this year will be the first time it collects data on animal crimes the way it does for other serious crimes like homicide.
Read More → 
http://www.pjstar.com/article/ZZ/20160415/LIFESTYLE/160419853

  
 





FBI Rolling Out A Plan To Track Worst Animal Cruelty Cases


 



Tracking Animal Cruelty
FBI Collecting Data on Crimes Against Animals

02/01/16

Acts of cruelty against animals are now counted alongside felony crimes like arson, burglary, assault, and homicide in the FBI’s expansive criminal database. On January 1, the Bureau’s National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) began collecting detailed data from participating law enforcement agencies on acts of animal cruelty, including gross neglect, torture, organized abuse, and sexual abuse. Before this year, crimes that involved animals were lumped into an “All Other Offenses” category in the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program’s annual Crime in the United States report, a survey of crime data provided by about 18,000 city, county, state, tribal, and federal law enforcement agencies.By adding animal cruelty offenses to NIBRS, law enforcement agencies and the advocacy groups that pushed for the inclusion in the FBI database are hoping the results will reveal a more complete picture of the nature of cruelty to animals. “Some studies say that cruelty to animals is a precursor to larger crime,” said Nelson Ferry, who works in the Bureau’s  Criminal Statistics Management Unit, which manages NIBRS. “That’s one of the items that we’re looking at.”The National Sheriffs’ Association was a leading advocate for adding animal cruelty as a data set in the Bureau’s collection of crime statistics. The association for years has cited studies linking animal abuse and other types of crimes—most famously, murders committed by serial killers like Ted Bundy, Jeffrey Dahmer, and the “Son of Sam” killer David Berkowitz. The organization also points out the overlap animal abuse has with domestic violence and child abuse.“If somebody is harming an animal, there is a good chance they also are hurting a human,” said John Thompson, deputy executive director of the National Sheriffs’ Association. “If we see patterns of animal abuse, the odds are that something else is going on.” A first look at NIBRS animal cruelty statistics will be available next year, but it will take at least three to five years for the data to begin showing helpful patterns. Groups that advocated for the new animal cruelty data hope that by adding it to NIBRS—rather than the summary-based statistics agencies provide the Bureau each year—they will get a much richer data set from which to mine. That’s because NIBRS requires participating agencies to not only report crimes but also all the circumstances of a crime. Additionally, the Bureau plans to phase out summary-based UCR statistics—which have been collected roughly the same way since 1930—in favor of NIBRS by 2021.“With summary data, all I can tell you is a crime occurred,” said Amy Blasher, who is leading the broader transition to NIBRS at the FBI’s Criminal Justice Information Services Division, keeper of the Bureau’s various crime data stores. “With the incident-based, it’s more granular. It tells the story.”The move to collect more granular data requires agencies to adjust how they track and disseminate crime statistics. Only about 31 percent of the country is represented in NIBRS today—a fraction of the overall UCR participants; however, Blasher anticipates the figure to grow larger as law enforcement agencies opt in, including police departments in Washington, D.C. and Chicago over the next two years. The FBI is aggressively pushing for the transition to NIBRS. In a speech last March in Atlanta, FBI Director James Comey said it was his personal mission to get better data “that we can all use to have informed conversations about the most important issues we face.”Those who lobbied for better animal abuse data would agree. “With this information, law enforcement and victim services would be able to better target their intervention efforts with respect to both animal cruelty and those crimes for which animal cruelty serves as a marker,” said Dr. Mary Lou Randour of the Animal Welfare Institute, which worked closely with the National Sheriffs’ Association to advance their cause. “Identifying and analyzing animal cruelty crimes would provide an important tool for law enforcement.” The National Sheriffs’ Association’s John Thompson urged people to shed the mindset that animal cruelty is a crime only against animals. “It’s a crime against society,” he said, urging all law enforcement agencies to participate in NIBRS. “By paying attention to [these crimes], we are benefiting all of society.”

                       

........................................................................................................................................................................................................................

                   ✴︎Section 2— Clarification to Policy and Procedures

National UCR Program to begin collecting data on animal 

Beginning January 1, 2016, the national UCR Program will add the offense of Animal Cruelty to the NIBRS as a Group A offense and as a Crime Against Society.

Data Element 12 (Type Criminal Activity/Gang Information) will expand to include four data values about the type of abuse. The four types of abuse will be:

http://www.pjstar.com/article/ZZ/20160415/LIFESTYLE/160419853http://www.pjstar.com/article/ZZ/20160415/LIFESTYLE/160419853http://www.mnn.com/family/pets/stories/tennessee-launches-nation-first-statewide-animal-abuse-registryhttp://losangeles.cbslocal.com/2015/06/05/german-shepherd-mix-with-severe-neck-wound-rescued-in-unincorporated-perris/http://petcha.com/pet_care/police-search-for-person-who-taped-dogs-muzzle-shut/

March 26, 2016

Harvest Horseshoe Crab Blood

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Horseshoe crabs are an example of creatures that inhabited our planet some 230 million years ago. They have not changed a bit over time. They can be easily recognized by their straight rigid tail and hard shell that reminds of a military helmet.
Horseshoe crabs have hemocyanin and not hemoglobin in their blood that contains the copper. Thus these crabs have blue blood which contains amebocytes used to make Limulus amebocyte lysate that helps to detect bacterial endotoxins.



              NATURE | Crash: A Tale of Two Species | Blue Blood | PBS

                           

                                       ⬇︎ PETITION ⬇︎ 
Horseshoe Crabs are important, stop bleeding them dry: 
Find the Solution to Synthetic LAL Now!

Since 2004, the wild population of horseshoe crabs has been on the decline. Scientists already learned that captivity isn’t the be-all end-all solution either. While they aren’t necessarily overfished, their population is definitely vulnerable. And you’ll see how if they’re vulnerable, human health and human lives are definitely vulnerable too.

Not surprisingly, extracting the horseshoe crab blood is a gory process. While horseshoe crabs can be raised in captivity, it isn’t that simple. Ethical issues aside of keeping the crabs in captivity, as to be expected, the quality of the crab’s blood deteriorates in captivity. Researchers solve this issue by catching-bleeding-returning wild horseshoe crabs.

While the crabs live on the seafloor, they mate in shallow waters. It’s the perfect opportunity to capture the wild animals. Once captured, the crabs are shipped to research laboratories, and “the tissue around their hearts is pierced and 30 percent of their blood is drained.” After the blood’s been extracted, the horseshoe crabs are returned to the ocean in order to avoid rebleeding.

According to Huffington Post, researchers also found that bled crabs “are more lethargic and less likely to follow tides.” Behavioral changes aren’t even the worst part. The horseshoe crab’s health can drastically be compromised because lower blood levels and cell counts, coupled with unnatural behaviors, can negatively impact the animal’s ability to ward off infections. One research project found that eight percent of the studied returned bled crabs died upon being returned.

Read more:

Horseshoe crab blood is unusual for two reasons. Firstly, it gets its incredible blue color from the copper used to carry oxygen around the crab’s body, in the same way the iron in hemoglobin makes our blood red. Secondly, horseshoe crab blood reacts to the presence of bacterial endotoxins, coagulating around the contamination and trapping it in a gel-like substance. The blood is so sensitive that it will react to a contaminant concentration of one part per trillion. The chemical component of the blood that causes this reaction, coagulan, is isolated from crab blood to be used in what is known as Limulus amebocyte lysate testing or LAL. LAL tests are performed on medical equipment, vaccines and other injectables: if they don’t cause a coagulation reaction, they’re clean.

In order to obtain horseshoe crab blood, around 250,000 live crabs are harvested along the east coast of the U.S. each year. They are transported to one of five companies, cleaned and then set up in racks for around 30 percent of their blood to be drawn. They are returned to the sea a few days after being caught and are returned quite a distance from the harvesting sites to ensure the same crabs aren’t bled repeatedly. It’s estimated that between 10 and 30 percent of the crabs die during or after the process. One study has also shown that the process is so taxing that female crabs travel less frequently to spawning grounds after being bled, thereby slowing down the rate of reproduction. 
Therefore, if you have ever used pharmaceutical drugs, then you probably already have horseshoe crab’s blood on your hands.

Read more 






http://www.horseshoecrab.org/med/med.html



Where (and when) do horseshoe crabs evolve?

The evolution of the horseshoe crab extends back far before the dawn of human civilization, before the dinosaurs, before flowering plants... back to the era in our planet's history when visible life first appeared.

Our Evolution section traces the development of the horseshoe crab from the Paleozoic Era and provides an overview of the changes to our planet's geology, climate, flora and fauna from 540 million years ago to the present. Toward the end of the Cenozoic Era, beginning with the Holocene (11,000 BC to the Present), we look specifically at the evolution and development of the Delaware Bay.

If you've ever had a flu shot, know someone with a pace maker or joint replacement, or have given your pet a rabies vaccination, you owe a debt of gratitude to the horseshoe crab.  Vaccines, injectable drugs, intravenous solutions, and implantable medical devices, both for humans and animals, are quality checked for safety using a test that comes from the blood of horseshoe crabs. 

How does horseshoe crab blood protect the public health? 

Humans can become sick if exposed to bacterial endotoxin. It is especially dangerous if endotoxin enters our blood stream directly, such as from an injectable drug. Given this, drugs and medical devices that come in contact with our blood stream are tested to help assure they do not contain harmful levels of endotoxin.  

Like other animals, the horseshoe crab has an immune and blood coagulation system that protects it against infection.  Inside the horseshoe crab’s blood cell (called the amebocyte) are the protiens of its blood clotting system.  These proteins are released in response to the presence of unwanted organisms like Gram negative bacteria and cause its blood to clot around the injury and bacteria, protecting the animal from further harm.

Endotoxin Testing: LAL and TAL 
Research on horseshoe crabs showed that their blood is very sensitive to endotoxin, which is a component of Gram-negative bacteria like E. coli.  In the 1960s (see timeline), Frederik Bang and Jack Levin developed a test from Limulus polyphemus blood that detected the presence of endotoxin. This test, based on the fact that the blood of the horseshoe crab gels or clots when it comes in contact with endotoxin, was called the Limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL)test and was commercialized in the United States in the 1970s.  In Asia, there is a similar test called TAL which takes its name from an Asian species of crab, Tachypleus tridentatus

The LAL and TAL test methods have advanced since the early days, all with the purpose of helping to make injectable drugs, vaccines, and medical devices safer for humans and animals.  In addition to the use of their blood for an endotoxin test such as the gel clot test, the horseshoe crab's DNA has been used to develop a recombinant test method for endotoxin.  Even as alternatives are being developed that will retire or reduce the use of horseshoe crab blood, we will always be indebted to the horseshoe crab's contribution to our health.

In addition, a version of the LAL test has been clear by FDA as a test to aid in the diagnosis of invasive fungal infections.   This test takes advantage of the fact that the horseshoe crabs blood clotting system responds to (1→3)-β-glucans as well as to endotoxins.   (1→3)-β-glucans are a cell wall component of a wide range of fungi.  A glucan test can indicate the presence (or absence) of a fungal infection within a couple of hours of drawing a patient’s blood sample so that appropriate treatment can begin promptly.  Conventional methods of diagnosis can take days of even weeks to give a definitive result.



Dead, stinky horseshoe crabs raise questions by residents about harvest methods for medical research

Charleston County Councilman Dickie Schweers’ waterfront home in McClellanville looked like a horseshoe crab graveyard last Sunday.




National Seashore Massachusetts
Horseshoe crabs (Limulus polyphemus) are an integral part of the marine ecosystem and significant natural resource in many coastal national park units. As a member of the benthic community, they prey on small benthic fauna, such as bivalves and worms. They are preyed upon by sharks, as well as the federally listed loggerhead sea turtle. Horseshoe crab eggs provide a critical food resource for migrating shorebirds (i.e. red knot) which stop along the Atlantic coastline.

You are likely to see an abundance of horseshoe crabs during their peak spawning season in May and June. Females begin to come ashore to spawn along protected sandy beaches during evening high tides during the full and new moons. Males (1/3 the size of females) attach themselves to females as they approach spawning beaches with a pair of modified claws that look like boxing gloves. You may see more than one male crowding a pair forming a large cluster along the water’s edge. Fertilization of the eggs is external and eggs are laid in nests that are dug in the sand by the female. Females may nest several times in one tidal cycle. Spawning sites within the Cape Cod National Seashore include Pleasant Bay, Nauset Marsh, Great Island, and in recent years, East Harbor.

Horseshoe crabs are commercially harvested for bait for American eel and whelk fisheries, and their blood is used to produce a critical pharmaceutical product, Limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL). LAL is the pharmacological standard used to detect fever-causing bacteria in all injectable drugs (i.e vaccines) and implantable medical devices. Throughout their range, managers are concerned about declines in spawning abundance, possible over-exploitation and unsustainable harvest of horseshoe crabs. In Massachusetts, these concerns have led to stricter fishery regulations and even closures of certain areas to harvest. Harvesting horseshoe crabs within the Cape Cod National Seashore boundary is prohibited.

Cape Cod National Seashore is currently participating in the Cooperative Tagging Program through the US Fish and Wildlife Service. CACO Natural Resource Management staff, with the help of the Cape Cod Horseshoe Crab Conservation Association, are actively tagging adult horseshoe crabs within the East Harbor system in North Truro. Tag and recapture data provides more information about horseshoe crab movement and abundance which is crucial for making effective management decisions.  https://www.nps.gov/caco/learn/nature/horseshoe-crabs.htm

                                           Tagged horseshoe crab
                If you find a horseshoe crab with a tag, please click here or call 1-888-LIMULUS (1-888-546-8587).
                        

http://www.postandcourier.com/article/20130609/PC16/130609272